Category Archives for "General"

Walant – A Paradigm Shift?

WALANT – On the Track of a Paradigm Shift

By Egemen Ayhan

Orthopaedic Surgeon at Diskapi Training and Research Hospital, Turkey


A paradigm shift can be described as “fundamental change in an individual's or a society's view of how things work in the world”. 


I want to invite you to a short trip on the history of WALANT and follow together how the WALANT goes forward for a paradigm shift. Is the paradigm shift one step beyond or are we far away from it? You will decide. Also, you will recognise the reward after a long pursuit of faith.


In 1962 the well-known scientist Thomas Kuhn published his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Describing a simple cycle of progress (below), Kuhn opposed the current conception of science, which was a steady progression of the accumulation of new ideas. He changed the way many scientists think about their work and advocated that science advanced the most by occasional revolutionary explosions of new knowledge, each revolution triggered by introduction of new ways of thought. He named those ways as paradigms.

(More information: The Kuhn Cycle - Thomas Kuhn's Brilliant Model of How Scientific Fields Progress)

For a better understanding, let me describe the cycle step by step:


Normal Science: 

Kuhn reported that scientists have a guiding model of understanding (field's paradigm) and scientific revolutions remain most of the time except when their paradigm undergoes a cycle of paradigm revolution.
More information: http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/NormalScience.htm


Before WALANT, the field’s paradigm was that epinephrine cannot be injected to fingers because of the risk of digital necrosis. We, the doctors, all have learned in medical faculties that epinephrine cannot be injected to fingers because of the risk of digital necrosis. If we are not particularly interested, we have forgotten most of our medical knowledge after specialisation in a field, but I can make a bid that most of the doctors, even though they never perform local anaesthesia (e.g., microbiologists, radiologists, …), will all remember the famous myth of epinephrine and digital necrosis. It is a dramatic event to lose a finger after local anaesthesia and that is why that knowledge is recalled easily. But, was it true?

Model Drift: 

Model drift from Normal Science is caused by what Thomas Kuhn called anomalies. An anomaly is an unexpected discovery one's paradigm cannot explain, which includes discovery of problems the paradigm cannot solve.
More information: http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/ModelDrift.htm


It is the model drift step that the first seeds of WALANT spread. Dr. Lalonde realised the 100-surgeon years of clinical safety in the practices of Drs. Shoemaker, MacFarlane, Fielding, and others who routinely injected epinephrine in fingers. He has read the milestone review of Dr. Denkler in 2001, there was not one case of epinephrine with lidocaine causing finger necrosis throughout the medical literature from 1880 to 2000 years.

Model Crisis: 

In this step a field's model of understanding has drifted so far the field is thrown into crisis by discovery of too many anomalies.
More information: http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/ModelCrisis.htm


For the WALANT, it was the years between 2005 and 2015. With the first multi-centre prospective study of 3110 consecutive cases of elective epinephrine use in the fingers, Dr. Lalonde et al reported that epinephrine has not produced any instance of digital tissue loss in 2005. As you can realise, it is over ten years that several high-level fundamental studies were published via great efforts of Dr. Lalonde. The paradigm revolution was on its way forward to support WALANT.

Model revolution:

In this step a field's model of understanding is undergoing revolutionary change. The old model failed, which caused the Model Crisis step. The Model Revolution step begins when one or more competing new models emerge from the crisis.
More information: http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/ModelRevolution.htm


For WALANT, it starts with 2015 and continues up-to-date. Dr. Lalonde’s efforts were welcomed by many surgeons throughout the world. Several papers about WALANT (replantations, distal radius fractures, foot and ankle surgeries, …) were published by different surgeons. That was the award after a long pursuit of faith.

Paradigm shift: 

Earlier steps have created the new model of understanding (the new paradigm). In the Paradigm shift step the new paradigm is taught to newcomers to the field, as well as to those already in it.
More information: http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/ParadigmChange.htm


What do you think? Are we prone to a paradigm shift with WALANT? With your support, we believe that most of the hand surgery operations will not be different than going to dentist all around the world. Join us!


 
Summary
The history of WALANT and its road forward for a paradigm shift. Is the paradigm shift one step beyond or are we far away from it? You will decide. You will recognise the reward after a long pursuit of faith.

A New Light

WALANT Surgery: A New Light for Hand Therapy
BY Jeanette Allison

STICK-TO-IT-IVE-NESS

-noun

  1. dogged perseverance

  2. the quality that allows someone to continue trying to do something even though it is difficult or unpleasant

Do you have a dogged perseverance for your profession? In the face of difficult or unpleasant circumstances, how do you generate stick-to-it-ive-ness?

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Getting Walant off the ground

How I got WALANT surgery off the ground At UConn Health

By Anthony Parrino M.D.
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics

In starting my practice, I had the unique opportunity to return to my residency program as faculty. In fellowship, WALANT was a common practice and I wanted to utilize it in my practice. I was returning to an institution and geographic area where it was hardly utilized and would be a culture shock. My dilemma was how to get this off the ground and who I needed to convince that this was a great benefit to patients.

Myself

The most important person I needed to convince for WALANT was myself. If I didn’t fully believe this was for the better of the patient, then it was doomed to fail. I came up with discussion points with patients why this was better for them, and with time my presentation to them became smoother with infrequent hesitation from them to proceed in the manner. I also started with simpler cases (open carpals, triggers) but considered which procedures I would transition to WALANT as I demonstrated safety and outcomes.

Partners

Strength in numbers. If I could have my hand partners on board with a WALANT room then it would be easier to tailor the room. I didn’t need them to do the same exact cases utilizing WALANT, but if they supported it, then when there was pushback from other personnel then it would make the implementation easier. It was also helpful in problem solving and looking at it from different viewpoints.

Chairman / Chief

For an academic center, change can be hard to come by. I utilized my chairman as my big gun. At first when I brought up my desire to implement WALANT in my return, his response was ‘sure’, although I don’t think he fully understood it. As I started, it was my first topic I brought up in our meetings and he soon realized both the small and larger benefits to WALANT if implemented correctly. As I started WALANT, he was crucial to have in my corner when issues began with nursing and anesthesia and concerns they had. With literature to support me and the chairman in my corner, small hurdles that make a big difference (in my view) were overcome. Now nearly two years into WALANT, we are demonstrating the larger benefits, decreased complication rate and cost savings, that the hospital can utilize with insurance companies.

Anesthesia

This may not apply to all. This arose as I did not have the setup for office utilization and anesthesia ran the daily operations of the surgery center. The first concern was for patient safety and comfort. This concern was calmed with studies that support the safety of WALANT and also demonstrating good outcomes and comfort in the first several weeks of WALANT. Other comments that did throw me off guard were “you are taking away my easy cases” or “did I do something wrong”. I hadn’t considered their viewpoint when implementing WALANT. My response was that these are cases that can be done safely without anesthesia, and that their (anesthesia’s) skill set good be better utilized for tougher cases. Also, my transitioning these cases out of an operating room, and into a procedure room, hospital and staff resources could be better utilized. Slowly, they have appreciated its usefulness, especially in patients whose medical conditions could lead to adverse outcomes with general anesthesia or sedation.

OR Staff

This is the biggest factor for you, the surgeon. Identifying a nurse and surgical tech you work well with and enjoy talking to patients is key. This will make your day in the OR much more enjoyable and the patients more at ease. I didn’t want to have a nurse or tech that didn’t want to be in the WALANT room as no one would benefit from that. I made it clear to the supervisors that it was critical to have to same staff in the room each time and has made WALANT days the most enjoyable part of my practice. They know the procedure, my usual discussion points with patients during surgery, and can calm those with anxiety.

In the end

Looking back at starting WALANT at my academic center, I can say that there were some bumps in the road, but persistence is key. For me, I have now increased case complexity utilizing WALANT and I look forward to continue evolving. This is for the better of patients and as more and more patients go through procedures comfortably and have great outcomes, then those around you will appreciate its benefits…and maybe even seek it out for their own care.


Check out how to start Walant in your Hospital or Clinic at Walant.Surgery.

Office based hand surgery

Using Wide Awake techniques

By Bob Van Demark Jr.

Wide Awake Anesthesia or WALANT (Wide Awake Local Anesthesia with No Tourniquet) has changed the practice of hand surgery. With no need for a tourniquet or sedation, a variety of surgical cases can be done in an outpatient setting outside of the usual hospital operating room suite. Wide awake anesthesia has been shown to be safe for patients, cost effective and has high patient satisfaction in several different practice settings (Leblanc et al., 2011; LeBlanc et al., 2007; Rhee et al., 2017; Tang et al., 2017).


In November 2016, our group started doing wide awake hand surgery in an in-office procedure room.


Surgery was done using the minor procedure room field sterility surgery technique described by LeBlanc, et al. (Leblanc et al., 2011). This included local anesthesia (1% Lidocaine with epinephrine) with no tourniquet or sedation. No prophylactic antibiotics were used, and patients wore their street clothes during the procedure. We modified LeBlanc’s protocol with the operative team using gowns during the procedure.


A smaller surgical pack was developed for the in-office procedures.


The case mix included carpal tunnel release, trigger finger release, DeQuervain’s release, mucous cyst excision and nail bed repair.
Between September 2015 and December 31, 2017, 370 cases were done in the procedure room. The superficial infection rate was 3.5% with no deep infections. All the infections cleared with oral antibiotics and local wound care. There were no secondary procedures done for this patient group. Of the treated patients, 99% rated their operative experience better or equal to a dental visit and 98% would recommend the experience to a friend or family member.


Our clinical results mirror the experience of several authors who have published on WALANT. Previous authors have reported a low infection rate and high patient satisfaction (Leblanc et al., 2011; Leblanc et al., 2007; Rhee et al., 2017; Tang et al., 2017). Another advantage of the in-office procedure room is cost savings. The savings seen with no preoperative labs or medical evaluation are hard to calculate but are significant (Leblanc et al., 2007; Rhee et al., 2017; Tang et al., 2017).


In a recent study, Rhee et al. reported their experience using an in-office procedure room at a military institution. The costs savings ranged from 70% for trigger finger releases and 85% for carpal tunnel releases.


In a 9 month period, there was a total cost savings of $393,099.53 for 71 cases done in an in-office procedure room instead of the hospital.


Patient satisfaction was high; 71% of patients felt less pain than a dental visit and 94% would do WALANT again for a procedure (Rhee et al., 2017).
With WALANT anesthesia, a majority of hand surgery cases can be moved from a hospital operating room to an outpatient setting. The in-office procedure room allows cases to be done in a cost-efficient manner while providing safe care with high patient satisfaction. As we continue to see increasing pressure for cost savings and quality in health care, the access to an in-office procedure room will play an important role in the future of hand surgery.


Learn more about how hand surgery can be performed safely, efficiently and cost-effectively on our about page.


Read more about Walant on our blog.


Learn all you need to know about Walant at our University.


References:
Leblanc MR, Lalonde DH, Thoma A et al. Is main operating room sterility really necessary in carpal tunnel surgery? A multicenter prospective study of minor procedure room field sterility surgery. Hand (NY). 2011, 6: 60–3.


Leblanc MR, Lalonde J, Lalonde DH. A Detailed Cost and Efficiency Analysis of Performing Carpal Tunnel Surgery in the Main Operating Room versus the Ambulatory Setting in Canada. Hand (NY). 2007, 2: 173–8.


Rhee PC, Fischer MM, Rhee LS, McMillian H, Johnson AE. Cost Savings, Safety, and Patient Satisfaction of a Clinic-Based Wide Awake Hand Surgery Practice: A Critical Review of the First 100 Procedures. Journal of Hand Surgery. J Hand Surg Am. 2017, 42: e139-e147.


Tang JB, Gong KT, Zhu L, Pan ZJ, Xing SG. Performing Hand Surgery Under Local Anesthesia Without a Tourniquet in China. Hand Clin. 2017, 33: 415-24.

Awake patients are receptive patients

Why talking to patients during the operation will help to reduce your complication rate afterwards.

By Don Lalonde - Co-Founder of Walant.Surgery

Want to decrease your complication rates after surgery? Who doesn’t? What patient does not want to avoid trouble after surgery.
When patients are sedated or have a tourniquet on their arm, there's no point talking to them because they cannot hear and remember well. When they are asleep, what a waste of time talking to the nurses about the weather, or to the anesthetist about his holiday!
When patients are awake, tourniquet-free, pain-free, and just lying there listening to nice music, consider this;


They are your captive audience.

What a great time to spend talking to them about what to do and what not to do after surgery to make recovery sail beautifully!
During flexor tendon repair, I tell patients that the hand “is on strike” and only does one thing for 3-5 days after surgery until I see them again. “It stays higher than your heart!” “None of this” I say as I pretend to walk with my hand by my side and then cross my hands down like a referee and say “No! None of this” I say as I open and close my hand and then cross my hands down like a referee and say “No! Walking with your hand by your side and moving your fingers will cause bleeding in the wound. Bleeding becomes a blood clot which occupies space. Blood clots take weeks to dissolve and turn to scar”.


“Treat your hand like a sleeping baby!"

"Don’t disturb it! Keep it higher than your heart without moving it until I see you again in 4 days. We will start early protected movement when all the swelling is gone and you are off all pain killers”.


Carpal tunnel under Walant and using field sterility. Perfect time to educate.


During every operation, I talk to patients about how to take pain killers properly. I start with “What do you normally take for pain; Advil? Tylenol? Nothing?”. If they reply Advil, I tell them that is all they will need for this operation (most procedures except bad fractures and big nerve repairs). I then say: “With every operation, there are 2 kinds of pain; 1) the sting of the cut which lasts for a day or two, and then 2) the pain of “Gee doctor, now it only hurts when I put down my hand or when I try to do things”. I tell them this: “When you get to the point of “Gee doctor, now it only hurts when I put down my hand or when I try to do things”, that is when you quit taking pain killers and listen to your body. We did not spend 2 billion years evolving pain because it is bad for us! Pain is your body’s only way to say to you: “Hey, would you quit that Mary (if the patient’s name is Mary!)?


"I am trying to heal in here and you are screwing it up!!! Stop that!@#$#."

That is a little voice in your head you WANT to listen to, and you can’t hear it with Advil in your ears. So you stop taking pain killers after a day or two and only do what does not hurt, including putting your hand down. This is called “pain guided healing” or “Common sense” or “Instinct”
After carpal tunnel, I tell them they can get in the shower the day after their surgery without their bandage because fresh wounds love to be washed. I tell them to reapply a “Hollywood bandage” after their shower.


The bandage is called a Hollywood bandage because it is only there for visual effects!

“Bandages do not stop infection or bleeding. All they do is remind you and those around you that you cannot do all the things you normally do. I know you will forget this and go to use your hand when you go to the restroom or get ready for bed tonight. When you go to use your hand to eat, you will see the Hollywood bandage and it is going to talk to you. It will have my annoying little voice and it will say: “What part of keep your hand up and on strike can’t you remember?...!”


You can ask them: “What WERE you planning to do this week” as you pin their fracture or repair their tendon. Then you tell them about their new reality, and how their hand injury will change their life in the next few weeks. Better coming from you than from a complication you could have avoided!


Time invested in talking to your patient during surgery or painless injection of local anesthesia saves time talking to them in the office or recovery room (where they won’t remember any of it).


Try it! You will watch your complication rate go down! You will also have patients who get to know you, respect you, and want to be part of your team that helps them get better faster!!!


Find out more about how to do and use Walant at the Walant University.

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How far can we go with Walant?

How one of our editors is using Walant to get his patients operated on more quickly.
By Amir Adham - Co-Editor of Walant.Surgery

Imagine having closed fracture cases of the upper limb in the ward waiting to be operated on. When you have to share emergency theatre space with other specialities, those life-threatening cases eg. laparotomy, caesarean section cases will be done first. The last on the list will be orthopedic cases. Even then, open fractures will be done first, followed by closed fractures of the lower limb as these patients will be either bed or wheelchair bound without the surgery.


Where does this leave our upper limb patients?


Usually, these patients will only be listed after a week or sometimes more than that because of not enough general / regional anaesthesia time. Unfortunately, this is the typical setting in our country and I believe similar in other 3rd world countries. So, this is the story how Walant transformed my practice.


It all started in 2015 in Seattle when I first heard about Walant. Dr Lalonde gave an inspiring speech on his excellent results in performing all sorts of soft tissues and bony procedures in the hand under WALANT. Videos of his patient's satisfaction does wonders to convince me that WALANT is the way forward. This inspired me to start doing Walant surgery in my practice back home in Malaysia.

With Dr Lalonde and Prof Shalimar at ASSH meeting in Seattle (2015)


I started doing minor cases such as trigger finger and carpal tunnel release under WALANT. My patients gave good feedback and would recommend other people to go for WALANT whenever possible. This motivated me even more and I started doing tendon injuries and tendon transfers under WALANT. Again, patients were very satisfied as they can start protective movement of their joints early as I was confident with my tendon anastomosis as they were mobilizing it intraoperatively under WALANT.


So where do we go from here?


In my hospital, closed upper limb fractures were deemed as having lower priority as compared to closed lower limb fractures such as femur or tibia fractures. This leads to long waiting time for surgery as we have limited operating time for cases needing general or regional anaesthesia.


This lead me to think, is it possible to do fixation of radius or ulna fractures under WALANT. Dr Lalonde has demonstrated successfully that fracture fixation of the hand is possible. Fixation of wrist fractures has been done and published so why not fractures proximal to the wrist?


So I went away and did my own research regarding bone pain. Early studies noted that direct mechanical stimulation of the periosteum produced pain in human subjects (Inman and Saunders, 1944). This pain is often described as sharp and well-localized and occurs for example in fractures (Santy and MacKintosh, 2001). In addition, patients often perceive bone pain in in pathologies confined to the bone marrow that have no obvious periosteal involvement (eg. Intra-osseous engorgement syndrome) (Lemperg and Arnoldi, 1978; Arnoldi, 1990). In these cases, the pain is often described exclusively as dull and diffuse and difficult to localize. Thus, it appears that...


...both the periosteum and the marrow cavity of bones must be innervated by primary afferent neurons capable of transducing and transmitting nociceptive information.


Armed with these knowledge, I was quite sure that WALANT will work if I inject it subperiosteally. It will go through the perforating Volkmann's canal to give effect to the bone marrow. I started doing WALANT for simple fracture eg. Nightstick fracture (isolated distal 3rd ulna fracture) as the ulna is very superficial. Patient's pain score was 0.


Since then, I have started doing midshaft radius and ulna fractures, distal radius fractures and even wrist fusions under WALANT. Waiting time for fixation of upper limb fracture in my centre has improved significantly. These patients do not need any admission as the operation was done as a day-care surgery.

That's my short and simple journey on how WALANT improved my surgery. I hope this will inspire more people to consider WALANT in their practice!


Check out more tips, tricks and techniques in out Walant University.

My Journey to Walant Proficiency

Incorporating WALANT surgery into my practice was one of the most exciting developments during my almost thirty years in practice.
By Saul Kaplan, Spingfield, VA

I find looking at the guidelines and protocols presented here very daunting. In my case, I came to this technique slowly and organically over many years. When I first started practice, I decided that I wanted to be able to treat some simple things in the office, e.g., finger tip injuries, simple fractures, foreign body and hardware removal, small tumors, and trigger fingers. I purchased two simple instrument kits, and a battery powered k-wire inserter. I appropriated an out of date nitrogen powered tourniquet box when the OR switched to the more modern and safer boxes.


I am old enough to know how to use an Esmarch as a tourniquet (actually the way it was meant to be used).


During my fellowship, we pinned fractures in the emergency room using field sterility and plane radiographs.


So, to me, our cast room was perfectly acceptable. I have since read about the safety and cost advantages of field sterility versus OR sterility and kept this in mind as I expanded my capabilities with office surgery.


Aha Moment #1
I received a call one day from an ER about a seamstress who fell on a sewing needle and it was imbedded in the volar aspect of wrist. The physician said that the thread was sticking out of the skin. I said "just pull it out." He resisted not wanting to break the thread. After another attempt to convince him to try, I demurred and had the patient sent to the office. She came with radiographs on which the needle was present. Sure enough, the thread was visible and I tugged, but nothing happened. I assumed, like a fishhook, that the way to remove this was antegrade. I gave her some xylocaine and made a small incision following the thread. I exsanquinated by elevation and used a forearm tourniquet. Before long and with more xylocaine, I soon found that I was in the carpal tunnel and that the needle was in a flexor tendon. And there I was in the cast room. I then started to think that this was surprisingly well tolerated and maybe I should think of doing CTRs in the right person in the office. I found that forearm tourniquets were well tolerated for about 15 minutes and began doing more things in this fashion.


I usually did these cases before the start of the day as the cast room was shared by up to six physicians at a time and was therefore a busy place.


During my fellowship, we pinned fractures in the emergency room using field sterility and plane radiographs.


The patients liked the simplicity of the procedure. But one day there was an edict saying that local with sedation was acceptable for the ASC, but straight local was not.
At about the same time I was becoming aware of Don Lalonde's writings and wanted to try. I was scared. I had always done most of my cases with a pneumatic tourniquet although digital cases might be done with a penrose drain or tournicot. This was the way I was trained. To overcome my fear, I started performing cases under sedation and local anesthesia (xylocaine with epinephrine). A tourniquet was placed, but not used unless absolutely necessary. I started to get more comfortable. Masses, CTRs, extensor tendon repairs, tenolyses, and nerve repairs were some of my first successes.


Aha Moment #2.
A woman with a ruptured EPL presented for EIP transfer. After arrival in the ASC, she refused all sedation. I was worried about tourniquet discomfort but decided to proceed with WALANT. She did give me permission to use the tourniquet if I absolutely felt it was necessary. Guess what? Not only was it not needed, but the ability to set the tension was enhanced by the patients ability to try things out.


Aha Moment #3
I was getting confident but was still fearful of a bloody field when doing Dupuytren surgery. One afternoon a woman arrived at the ASC. Her driver had a flat, so she took two buses and the Metro to get to the center. The rules of the center were that if she did not have transportation home, then she could not have surgery with sedation. I was not about to send this woman home. I prepared her for WALANT, but she agreed that she could tolerate a tourniquet for a while if needed. Things went very smoothly. I put the cuff up briefly to deal with a spiral cord. Of course, her condition was bilateral and she wanted the other side done. The rules of the ASC were such that I could not schedule her straight local. She lived much closer to my office, so I agreed to do it there. This really opened my eyes to what I could do in an office.


Nuts and Bolts:
I worked at Kaiser Permanente so there were opportunities for institutional support that might not be available in different practice scenarios especially as it relates to funding purchases and sterilization as autoclaves were no longer the standard of care.
Cases were done in an existing procedure room. I created a schedule to do six 45 minute cases in a morning block. Eight basic instrument sets were purchased.


Cases were done on a stretcher with a wheeled hand table. There was a single movable overhead light.


I used a pediatric catheterization drape which had a rubber gusset through which the limb was placed.


I was supported by a clinic assistant who checked the patients in and helped facilitate things. A part time OR nurse came and first assisted.


The nature of the schedule and clinic was such that we were not able to easily provide a long interval between injection and surgery. I found that for most situations the time from injection to prep and drape and then to surgery was ample for hemostasis.


One of the attractions of doing these cases in the office was the ability to get away from some of the rigamarole of the main OR. Checklists and surgical pauses are important for safety, but can be implemented in ways that are less cumbersome than those used in large facilities.


I never worked my confidence up to cubital tunnel or basal joint surgery but was able to accommodate a large variety and volume of cases. The patients liked the ease, lower co-pays, etc.


On the advice of an ophthalmologist friend, I suggested to some patients that they take 1000mg acetaminophen and 50 mg of diphenhydramine before coming to the office. This helped some people who were apprehensive. We tried vibration (battery powered stress ball from Target) to help with the injection. I think it was more of a distraction than truly helpful, but patients seemed to like the concept.


Always strive to improve patient care

Six years ago, I listened to a presentation on “Wide Awake, Local Anesthesia, No tourniquet” (WALANT) surgery.  When the speaker (Dr. Don Lalonde) advocated the use of lidocaine with epinephrine in the hand as a method to deliver high quality and economical patient care, I thought this was preposterous and immediately disregarded the notion of utilizing this in my practice.

Luckily, the concept of WALANT hand surgery remained in the deep neural synapses of my brain.

A few years after that fateful introduction to WALANT hand surgery, I found myself struggling with limited patient access to hand surgery in my practice.  Due to OR allocation issues and a high volume of trauma in my practice, many patients who required elective hand surgery had to wait up to 2 months for a surgical date.  It was heartbreaking to inform a patient with a painful, locked trigger finger that had failed multiple tendon sheath injections that they would need to suffer with this condition for 1 to 2 months until an OR became available for a 10-15 minute case!  Since WALANT hand surgery can be performed without any anesthesia support, I was able to add on many wide-awake hand surgery cases at odd hours into ORs that were underutilized for the day.

For a while, I was very content with performing wide-awake hand surgery in the operating room and noted all of the benefits of WALANT such as improved patient education, enhancing surgical outcomes, and the efficient OR turnovers.  However, the perioperative process seemed onerous to me from a patient prospective.  Imagine seeing a patient who you have diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome, they have exhausted all non-operative measures, you counsel them on their options, and they elect to have surgery under wide-awake technique. Yet, they still need to spend the entire day to meet with their primary care physician to get cleared for surgery that involves blood work, ECG, chest x-ray, and modification of their medications for a 10-15 minute surgical case!  In addition, to have the hassle of checking into pre-op for surgery an hour before their surgical time and...

...to “recover” in the post-anaesthesia care unit when they have been completely awake without any medication! It is absurd.

At that point, serendipity afforded me a procedure room in our orthopedic clinic that served as a glorified storage room and a department chairman who was supportive of my endeavors…thus, my clinic-based wide-awake hand surgery practice was born.  Seeing the incredible benefit to the patient by delivering clinic-based WALANT hand surgery, my eyes were opened to the incredible cost differential in performing the wide-awake hand surgery in the OR versus the clinic.  A preliminary cost analysis revealed to me the tremendous cost savings in performing theses procedures in the clinic compared to the OR.

Therefore, my passion in educating and promoting WALANT hand surgery was emboldened.

You might be reading this while perusing this website because you are already performing WALANT hand surgery and want to improve on your delivery of this concept.  Or, you have considered it but have not tested the waters yet.  Regardless of where you are in your journey with WALANT, I would encourage you to be inquisitive and always ask how you can improve patient care or the economical delivery of hand surgery.  A great example of surgeons who have promoted a decrease in medical waste and total cost related to hand surgery or therapy are those recipients of the American Association of Hand Surgery’s Lean and Green Award, of which I am honoured to be the 2018 recipient of this award.

The Lean & Green Award - AAHS

The Lean and Green award is given yearly by the American Association for Hand Surgery to a person who has made a significant impact by presentation(s), publication(s), or other action  in causing:


1) A decrease in the amount of garbage generated by any activity related to hand surgery or therapy at their home institution or elsewhere
And/or
2) A decrease in the total costs of any activity related to hand surgery or therapy at their home institution or elsewhere


Any presentation(s), publication(s), or other action that had a significant impact on reducing the garbage production and/or costs of any activity related to hand surgery or therapy at home institution or elsewhere.

For those with access to the ASSH archive:

Please review the presentations that were given by the 2016 (Dr. Mark E. Baratz), 2017 (Dr. Robert E. Van Demark), and 2018 (myself) recipients of the Lean and Green award promoting WALANT hand surgery and its applicability in your practice.  In addition, an enlightening presentation from Dr. Lalonde sharing his pearls in performing WALANT hand surgery.  Hopefully one of you will be a future recipient of this prestigious award while enhancing patient care.

2016 – Mark Baratz, MD

2017 – Robert E. Van Demark, MD

2018 – Peter C. Rhee, DO, MS


Pearls for Delivering WALANT Hand Surgery – Don Lalonde, MD

American Association for Hand Surgery – Lean and Green Award

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What’s in a Name?

Is it time for a change in terminology?

Why not call this site "Wide Awake Hand Surgery"? After all the definitive book on Walant (Wide Awake Local Anaesthetic No Tourniquet - or "Walnut" as my kids call it!) by one of the co-founders of this site is called Wide Awake Hand Surgery!

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